Show notes Of the week September 21 2012

Precautions for Tick-Borne Disease Extend ‘Beyond Lyme’   Copper Benefits   Copper—and how it Protects   Copper Proves Effective Against New E. Coli Strains in New Study   Dry Copper Kills Bacteria On Contact   Work With Germ-Killing Copper Could Save Thousands of Lives   Copper Recipes ************************************************************************** Precautions for Tick-Borne Disease Extend ‘Beyond Lyme’   ScienceDaily (Sep. 7, 2012) — This year’s mild winter and early spring were a bonanza for tick populations in the eastern United States. Reports of tick-borne disease rose fast.—While Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the Northeast and Upper Midwest, new research results emphasize that it is not the greatest cause for concern in most Southeastern states.—The findings are published today in a paper in the journal Zoonoses and Public Health.—The majority of human-biting ticks in the North–members of the blacklegged tick species–cause Lyme disease, but these same ticks do not commonly bite humans south of mid-Virginia.-[U1] -Biologist Graham Hickling of the University of Tennessee, co-author of the paper, says many patients in Southeastern states, who become sick from a tick-bite, assume they have Lyme disease, but the odds of that being the case are low.—“Ticks in the eastern U.S. collectively carry more than a dozen agents that can cause human disease,” says Hickling.—“Here in Tennessee we regularly collect lone star ticks that test positive for Ehrlichia, [a tick-borne bacterial infection]. Lone stars are an aggressive species that account for most of the human bites that we see in this region. So ehrlichiosis has to be a big concern, yet most people have never heard of it.”—In contrast, says Hickling, there have been no confirmed reports to date of the Lyme disease pathogen among the sparse populations of blacklegged ticks found in Tennessee[U2] .–“The Southeast is dominated by different tick species than the ones that attack humans in the North,” says Ellen Stromdahl, an entomologist at the U.S. Army Public Health Command and lead author of the paper.—“The lone star tick is by far the most abundant tick in the Southeast, and which species of tick bites you is critical because different ticks carry different diseases. In the Southeast you are unlikely to be bitten by the blacklegged ticks that spread Lyme disease,” Stromdahl says.–Most bites in the Southeast are from the tick species that spread spotted fever rickettsiosis and ehrlichiosis, but not Lyme disease.–A complicating factor for public health officials is that tick species are on the move, as wildlife populations, forest habitats and weather patterns change across the continent.[U3]   This spring the Tennessee Department of Health, for example, reported a 500 percent increase in tick-borne rickettsiosis.—“Identifying health risks in the face of changing climates will be critical in coming years,” says Sam Scheiner, National Science Foundation program director for the joint NSF-National Institutes of Health Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID) program, which funds Hickling’s research.–At NSF, the EEID program is co-funded by the Directorates for Biological Sciences and Geosciences.–“This study will inform public health officials about what diseases are found in which areas,” says Scheiner, “so they can minimize human health problems.”–Hickling’s work is also in collaboration with scientist Jean Tsao of Michigan State University and is part of an EEID project to identify the ecological factors leading to distributions of tick species and pathogens–in particular, where the Lyme disease tick and pathogen are found.–Lyme-infected blacklegged ticks are expanding south through Virginia, and lone star ticks are moving north, [U4] the scientists have found.–The bite of the lone star tick can create a bulls-eye rash that appears like that of Lyme disease, but the rash isn’t caused by the Lyme bacteria.—The scientists say that this almost certainly leads to misdiagnosis of some patients in mid-Atlantic states, where both tick species are common.—The best way to distinguish Lyme from other tick-borne diseases is to be vigilant for tick bites, and whenever possible save any tick that manages to bite you, the biologists recommend. Store the tick in your freezer or in a vial of alcohol so it can be identified if you become ill.—In the Northeast, Lyme disease awareness campaigns have focused public attention on the nymphal blacklegged tick–which is responsible for most disease transmission and which is tinier than the adult form.–While nymphal blacklegged ticks and nymphal lone star ticks–which also bite humans–can be distinguished, the two are often confused by the public.–In one study, 13 of 20 patients reporting tick bites to physicians were given antibiotics on the assumption that they were at risk for Lyme disease, yet 53 of the 54 ticks removed from those same patients were lone star ticks, which do not spread Lyme disease.—“Where you live determines which tick species is likely to bite you,” says Tsao, “and therefore which diseases you’re most likely to contract.”–The biologists say they are happy that recent treatment recommendations have begun to emphasize the importance of considering the tick species and its infection status as part of the diagnostic process.–Their advice: Stay open-minded about which tick-borne diseases are most common in your area–and save the tick that bites you.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by National Science Foundation. —Journal Reference–E. Y. Stromdahl, G. J. Hickling. Beyond Lyme: Aetiology of Tick-borne Human Diseases with Emphasis on the South-Eastern United States. Zoonoses and Public Health, 2012; 59: 48 DOI: 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2012.01475.x ************************************************************************ Copper Benefits— Aneurysm may occur as a result of Copper deficiency.  –Copper may help to prevent abnormal Blood Clotting.-Copper deficiency may cause Congestive Heart Failure. -Copper is involved in the production of Red Blood Cells (via its involvement in the production of Hemoglobin). -Copper (in correct dosages) may enhance the health of the Heart-Optimal Copper levels may help to prevent damage to the Cardiac Muscle (i.e. the Muscle of the Heart).  —Cells–Impaired Growth may occur as a result of Copper deficiency.  —Digestive System—Many Celiac Disease patients are found to be deficient in Copper (indicating that supplemental Copper may benefit Celiac Disease patients). –Infant Diarrhea may occur as a result of Copper deficiency. –Eyes/Vision—Optimal Copper levels may help to prevent Cataracts. — Increased susceptibility to Bacterial & Viral Diseases (infections) may occur as a result of Copper deficiency: references- Copper may be a useful treatment for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients (Copper inhibits HIV Protease, a component of the HIV virus)–However it has not yet been proven (nor disproven) that supplemental Copper can inhibit HIV Protease in vivo (within the body) as opposed to in vitro (in the test tube).—Optimal Copper levels may enhance the body’s resistance to Candida albicans proliferation.  Copper may be essential for the proper function of the Immune System and damage to the Immune System may occur as a result of Copper deficiency—Copper deficiency may reduce the production of Antibodies. Copper may be essential for the production of Neutrophils – Neutropenia (low Neutrophils count) may occur as a result of Copper deficiency. – Copper is involved in the formation of Bones—Copper may be required for the healing of Fractures (due to Copper being an essential component of the Lysyl Oxidase enzyme that catalyzes the final step in the synthesis of Collagen which is essential for the healing of Fractures) and supplemental Copper may accelerate the healing of Fractures.  People who are deficient in Copper may be more susceptible to Fractures.Osteoporosis may occur as a result of Copper deficiency.  Copper is required for the health of Connective Tissues–Copper may stimulate the (desirable) cross-linking of Collagen fibers (by activating the Lysyl Oxidase enzyme). -Copper may stimulate the formation of Elastin in Connective Tissues. —33% of the body’s Copper concentrates in the Muscles.–        Copper may alleviate Rheumatoid Arthritis—Copper bracelets may react with the Fatty Acids in the Skin to form Copper salts which are able to be absorbed into the Skin (this has been scientifically validated).—The Copper Salicylate form of Copper (consumed orally or applied topically) may be an effective treatment for the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis and claimed to be the best form of Copper for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (due to it very closely mimicking the function of Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), a natural Antioxidant enzyme).  Vitiligo may occur as a result of Copper deficiency. —   Copper—and how it Protects   Copper Can Help In The Battle Against Influenza A H1N1, Says Scientist ScienceDaily (July 24, 2009) — A leading microbiologist from the University of Southampton has told a conference that his research has found copper is effective in inhibiting the influenza A H1N1 virus.—Copper appears to have broad spectrum antiviral activity because it is also effective, not only against RNA-based influenza, but also against DNA-based adenovirus 40/41 which causes gastrointestinal infections.—Speaking at the BIT Life Sciences 2nd Annual World Summit on Antivirals in Beijing, China this week, Professor Bill Keevil, from the University’s School of Biological Sciences, added that he believed copper could be used to reduce the spread of flu in public places.—“With the ongoing threat of contamination by influenza A viruses, such as H1N1, there is a real and pressing need to utilise all appropriate and effective measures with proven antimicrobial qualities,” commented Professor Keevil. “It is recognised that many infectious diseases are spread by hand contact and studies have now repeatedly shown that the use of copper as a surface material in key public places such as hospitals and food preparation areas offers the potential to substantially restrict and reduce the spread of harmful infection”. The influenza aspect of the study, completed in 2007, involved a series of experiments testing incubation of influenza A on copper and stainless steel surfaces. Results showed that, after incubation for 1 hour on copper, 75% of the virus was eradicated, and after 6 hours, less than 500 viral particles remained active (greater than 99.99% or 10,000-fold decrease). Similar inactivation rates have now been observed for adenovirus 40/41.–Professor Keevil added: “These public health benefits, supported by extensive antimicrobial efficacy testing, are underpinned by the fact that copper, brass and bronze are capable of killing a range of harmful and potentially deadly micro-organisms.”–The study has contributed further to the understanding of copper’s antimicrobial qualities, which actively inhibit the growth of bacteria, fungi and viruses.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Southampton, via AlphaGalileo. ************************************************************************ Copper Proves Effective Against New E. Coli Strains in New Study ScienceDaily (June 2, 2011) — As the World Health Organisation suggests the E. coli outbreak in Germany is a strain never before seen in an outbreak — O104:H4 — laboratory science conducted at the University of Southampton indicates a role for copper in preventing the spread of such infections.—Professor Bill Keevil, Head of the Microbiology Group and Director of the Environmental Healthcare Unit at the University of Southampton, explains: “A study looking at copper’s efficacy against new strains of E. coli has just been completed. Although it did not specifically look at O104, all the strains investigated have died rapidly on copper.”—On a dry copper surface, the study shows 10 million E. coli bacteria are eliminated within 10 minutes. On a wet copper surface, one could expect a total kill within around 45 minutes. This antimicrobial property is inherent to the metal, and shared with alloys such as brass and bronze.—In the wake of this outbreak, hand washing and careful food preparation have been highlighted as key concerns, as has cross-contamination. Any raw food placed on a work surface can contaminate other food, or have bacteria transferred onto it from previous items resting there.[U5]  Deployed as a touch surface in food preparation areas, copper will continuously kill any pathogens that settle on it, reducing the risk of cross-contamination, and helping to prevent the spread of infection.–Professor Keevil will be presenting his findings at the forthcoming WHO International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control in Geneva on 30 June.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Southampton, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. **************************************************************************** Dry Copper Kills Bacteria On Contact ScienceDaily (Feb. 22, 2011) — Metallic copper surfaces kill microbes on contact, decimating their populations, according to a paper in the February 2011 issue of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. They do so literally in minutes, by causing massive membrane damage after about a minute’s exposure, says the study’s corresponding author, Gregor Grass of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. This is the first study to demonstrate this mechanism of bacteriocide.—“When microbes were exposed to copper surfaces, we observed contact killing to take place at the rate of tens to hundreds of millions of bacterial cells within minutes,” says Grass. “This means that usually no live microorganisms can be recovered from copper surfaces after exposure.”—Thus, such surfaces could provide a critical passive defense against pathogens in hospitals, where hospital-acquired infections are becoming increasingly common and costly, killing 50,000-100,000 Americans annually, and costing more than $8 billion, according to one estimate. Still, Grass cautions that “metallic copper surfaces will never be able to replace other hygiene-improving methods already in effect,” although they “will certainly decrease the costs associated with hospital-acquired infections and curb human disease as well as save lives.” However, he expects this strategy to be inexpensive, because “the effect does not wear off.”—Critically, the researchers provide strong evidence that genotoxicity through mutations and DNA lesions is not a cause of dry copper’s antimicrobial properties. This is important, because mutations can cause cancer in animals and humans, and the lack of such mutations in bacteria from copper means that copper does not endanger humans.—The relevant experiment was particularly interesting. The bacterium, Deinococcus radiodurans, is unusually resistant to radiation damage, as its DNA repair mechanisms are especially robust. The hypothesis: if metallic copper kills by causing DNA damage, D. radiodurans should be immune to copper. It is not.[U6] It is important to note that only dry copper surfaces are amazingly lethal to bacteria. The difference between dry and wet surfaces, such as copper pipes, is that only dry surfaces are inhospitable environments for bacterial growth. Bacteria can easily grow and reproduce in wet environments, and in so doing, they can develop resistance to copper. Resistance has not been observed to develop on dry copper surfaces.—-Story Source:– Journal Reference-C. E. Santo, E. W. Lam, C. G. Elowsky, D. Quaranta, D. W. Domaille, C. J. Chang, G. Grass. Bacterial Killing by Dry Metallic Copper Surfaces. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2010; 77 (3): 794 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01599-10 **************************************************************************** Work With Germ-Killing Copper Could Save Thousands of Lives   Roberto del Rio Children’s Hospital, the oldest pediatric facility in Chile, installed antimicrobial copper surfaces in its intensive care and treatment rooms to reduce the risk of infection. The installation was a first for Latin America, following a growing number of installations in Europe, Asia and North America. –ScienceDaily (Sep. 7, 2012) — When Adam Estelle graduated from the University of Arizona’s materials science and engineering program four years ago, he had no idea he would be involved in saving thousands of lives.–Like most graduates, he was just hoping to find a job — preferably in Tucson, Ariz., because he wasn’t interested in big-city life. What happened next was a job offer from the Copper Development Association in New York City.–The technology is based on copper alloys that kill bacteria, fungi and viruses. The metals can be fashioned into everything from IV poles to sinks to bed rails — just about anything that is frequently touched in hospitals.—While these surfaces might look benign, they’re covered with organisms that contribute to hospital-acquired infections, the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, killing more people than AIDS and breast cancer combined. That’s 2 million infections annually, and 100,000 deaths — one infection for every 20 people admitted to hospitals.–While disease-causing organisms can lurk on stainless steel surfaces for two weeks, according to a recent UA research study, 99.9 percent die within two hours on surfaces that contain at least 60 percent copper, Estelle says.—Estelle has been working with four other engineers at the Copper Development Association, a not-for-profit trade group, to develop a market for copper alloys in the health care industry. They also have been helping manufacturers gear up for producing copper alloy products.–Part of that effort has involved gaining EPA certification for the antimicrobial effects of copper so manufacturers can advertise the health benefits of these products. The second part, which has been Estelle’s major focus for the past two years, was to retrofit the Ronald McDonald House in Charleston, S.C., with copper alloy stair railings, door hardware, sinks, faucets, counter tops, kitchen tables, chair arms, and other surfaces that are frequently touched by patients, visitors and staff.–This has been a win-win for everyone, Estelle explained, creating a safer environment for families and children, while at the same time helping the first wave of manufacturers tool up and commercialize lines of copper products that can now be marketed to hospitals.–“One of our first commercial products is a beautiful seamless counter top and sink bowl manufactured by Elkay Commercial Products,” Estelle said. “We installed about forty of these in the Ronald McDonald House.” Elkay is among ten manufacturers now marketing antimicrobial copper alloy products to the health care industry.–Surfaces at the Ronald McDonald House were swabbed and tested for bacteria for ten weeks before the new copper alloy products were installed. “Follow-up tests on the items converted to copper showed they carried 94 percent fewer bacteria,” Estelle said. “We are now trying to recreate the Charleston project at other Ronald McDonald Houses around the world to create a safer living and working environment for the children, families and staff.”—Now, with the Ronald McDonald House pilot project completed and EPA approval secured, the next step is to convince hospitals to replace traditional surfaces that are not worn out with copper alloy ones. New policies from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services that go into effect next year should help spur this changeover. Treatment for hospital-acquired infections costs between $35 billion and $45 billion each year in the U.S., and Medicare and Medicaid will no long reimburse hospitals for that treatment if the infections are judged to have been preventable and a hospital mistake.–But even without the new rules, the changeover makes economic sense, Estelle explained. Under today’s reimbursement system, individual hospitals spend $5 million on average each year to treat infections. “Even on the low end, it’s $30,000 per infection,” he said. Clinical trials at three hospitals funded by the U.S. Department of Defense have recently proved that copper surfaces can reduce infections in the intensive care unit by more than 50 percent.–Using published estimates, about 500,000 Americans will contract an infection this year in the ICU. This will cost our hospitals an additional $3.5 billion in treatment, and about 40,000 people will not survive the ordeal. The clinical trial results suggest that installing copper surfaces could cut these figures in half.—“By implementing these surfaces, hospitals can see real, continuous savings year after year,” Estelle said. “This is a passive way to prevent infection that doesn’t depend on human behavior, such as hand-washing or hydrogen peroxide vapor machines. There is no need for maintenance beyond the normal surface cleaning procedures that are already in place.”—,.”Story Source–The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Arizona College of Engineering, via Newswise.   ***********************************************************************   Copper Recipe — Chlorophyll2 table spoons—vitamin C 3 grams and Zinc 30-50 mgs-manganese 8 mgs—-mix your Vitamin C and chlorophyll in a tiny glass—and consume them—cahse with water or juice or cool tea afterwards—this will Boost S O D in both the mitochandria and the cells—the combination should as well boost the immune system on several fronts and stabilizing Glutathione as well   Copper Colloidal—1  -2 tablespoon 3 grams of vitamin C  and Salicyclic acid 50 mgs—and 2 oz of water –Mix well and consume this  will alleviate pain in moments and will kill of viral and bacterial pathogens   You can also do this in dry form 3 grams of Vitamin C—2 mgs of copper and 30 mgs of zinc and the salicyclic acid 50 mgs-may find relief with this for hours

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